Windows 10 May 2019 Update: Everything you need to know

The changes are coming to Windows 10 with the release of version 1903 that affects everyday users and IT decision makers. This is what you need to know.

Windows update May 10, 2019: everything you need to know
The changes are coming to Windows 10 with the release of version 1903 that affects everyday users and IT decision makers. This is what you need to know.
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The development of Windows 10 is a continuous process, while previous versions of Windows received service packages or point versions that primarily served as summaries of the security patches of the Windows Update, Windows 10 receives feature updates in Approximately six month cadence. These updates bring significant changes to the user, as well as changes in the characteristics of the company.

Windows 10 version 1903 (also called 19H1) was made available to the Preview bell of the Windows Insider Program version on April 8, 2019, and was added to the MSDN download catalog on April 18, 2019. Microsoft announced general availability for consumers and began implementation through Windows Update on May 21, 2019. Microsoft started automatically updating existing installations of Windows 10 to version 1903 on July 16, 2019.

For those who want to get an early view of the new version, see the TechRepublic guide to get Windows 10 version 1903 ahead of time, likewise, those who wish to postpone an update should consult the guide to delay the installation of Windows 10 version 1903.

The TechRepublic overview of the May 2019 update to Windows 10 is a "practical guide" that will be updated as new articles on the update are published on TechRepublic, ZDNet and CNET. For more information on Windows 10 in general, also see the TechRepublic cheat sheet for Windows 10.

SEE: Windows Update May 10, 2019: 10 notable new features (free PDF) (TechRepublic)

What you should know before and after installing the Windows update May 10, 2019

Disconnect and remove the external drives and memory cards

Users who receive notices that "this PC does not you can upgrade to Windows 10 "when trying to install the update should remove external drives and Memory Cards, as they can prevent systems from installing the update. The update process can cause units, including internal units, to be assigned different drive letters after installation.

You will need more free space to install the May 2019 update

Microsoft has increased the disk space requirements for sending new PCs. With Windows 10 1903 to 32 GB, an increase of the 16 GB required for 32-bit versions and 20 GB for 64-bit versions. While Microsoft claims that these are only requirements for new computers, Windows Update does not verify if there is enough free space before starting the update, which leads to updates not being installed, with opaque error codes such as 0x80070070.

For new computers With Windows 10 1903, Microsoft also features "reserved storage," which allocates 7 GB of disk to ensure that future updates can be installed without problems.

Verify your privacy settings after installation

Prior Windows 10 updates reset the privacy settings to default values, which share a relatively high amount of usage and analysis data with Microsoft. Although Microsoft has tried to be more transparent with the privacy settings, spontaneously resetting the privacy settings can be an unwanted surprise. Be sure to change your privacy settings in Windows 10. after the update.

The update provides more robust protections for Specter and Meltdown

Microsoft is bringing Google's repoly patches to Windows 10, which should eventually bring robust, high-performance patches to the Specter. and Meltdown vulnerabilities. Microsoft's previous attempts to patch these vulnerabilities have been plagued with problems, as the patches caused random reboots, blue screens and, without realizing it, made it easier to exploit the vulnerabilities.

Forcing periodic password changes may be a thing of the past

Microsoft is questioning the convenience of using Group Policy to impose password expiration The company is seeking public comments on the practice, arguing that the practice is obsolete and ineffective. As Lance Whitney of TechRepublic put it, "if you have evidence that [your] the password was stolen, you would change it immediately instead of waiting for a predefined expiration date," while Microsoft said colorfully that "if your users are from Kind willing to answer surveys in the parking lot that exchange a candy bar for your passwords, no password expiration policy will help you. "

New features in Windows 10 May 2019 Update

Streamline startup, search, accounts and login

For new accounts, Windows 10 reduces the number of icons and application groups in folders more than in previous versions, and facilitates its removal. Similarly, there are now fewer difficulties to jump and uninstall integrated applications.

SEE: Windows Update May 10, 2019: the new features that matter most (ZDNet)

The search is now less saturated, with filter icons at the top, the five most used applications in the center, and recent documents and pages browsed at the bottom. Cortana has been separated from the search, now allows people to remove the Cortana button from the taskbar.

The sign-in options panel in Account Settings has also been simplified, with the option of using a personal security key (FIDO2) added.

DPI Awareness includes better support for Hi-DPI applications and screens

As laptops increasingly use Hi-DPI displays, applications may not have the expected performance when connecting external displays. From Windows 10, version 1803, Microsoft offers the possibility to repair applications without having to log out of Windows, so this solution is now applied automatically, unless the functions are manually deactivated. It is also possible to view and sort the applications according to the DPI recognition in the Task Manager, since a column for that attribute has been added.

Other visual enhancements, including a "Light Mode" to complement the darker theme that is included with Windows 10,

Users of the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) will be able to access, move and copy stored data within WSL instances using File Explorer. easier for developers who use WSL to manage files in those environments without relying solely on the command line, or third-party kludges that can lead to data loss or corruption.

Application sandboxing allows a secure test of application management

In Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise, Windows Sandbox adds a containerized environment to run unreliable executables. The litter box is destroyed after closing the application. This function is based on the hardware virtualization extensions (Intel VT-x and equivalent) present in modern hardware, although this may require manual activation of these extensions in the system BIOS. Similarly, the Windows Sandbox feature itself must be enabled through the Windows Features dialog box in Control Panel.

Windows Defender System Guard offers advanced security features

The Windows Defender System Guard container, formerly called Virtualization-Security Security or Virtual Secure Mode, isolates the Windows kernel to protect against cases in which it may be compromised. Using Hyper-V, secure "memory enclaves" are used to isolate the signed code executed at a higher level of virtual trust, which prevents malware from editing the firmware and Windows startup components.

Similarly, Windows Defender Application Guard is a security mode for Microsoft. Edge, which allows users to visit websites that are not trusted without worrying about malicious code on those sites that collect system information or download malware to the computer. There is an extension for Chrome and Firefox that loads websites that are not trusted by the Protected Edge instance. It is not clear if or when this feature will support the new Chromium-based Edge, still under development.

The Windows Administration Center modernizes Windows Server, Azure instances and workstations

Improvements in the Microsoft Windows Administration Center (WAC), following its introduction a year ago, allows administrators of systems manage instances of Windows Server 2019, as well as services hosted on Azure and implementations of traditional Windows 10 workstations. Web-based WAC is particularly useful for managing hybrid cloud deployments, as it unifies multiple services in a panel.

Access to PowerShell, of course, is still available to users who prefer the command line. For users of Storage Migration Service or System Insights, WAC is the only GUI available. While not all functions have been transferred from the remote server administration (RSAT) tools, reliance on older tools is only necessary in specific circumstances. Simon Bisson, of TechRepublic, notes that "Microsoft is gently pushing administrators and other users not to use their old management tools," adding that "it won't be long before it's your only option if you want to make the most of it. your Windows Server installations. "

PowerToys returns to Windows after a decade of absence

Microsoft is reviving PowerToys releases: free desktop improvements for advanced users provided by the Windows development team, but not They are compatible with Microsoft, or official part of Windows. The PowerToys first appeared with Windows 95, although they were suspended with the release of Windows Vista. Starting with Windows 10, PowerToys will be open source and will be available on GitHub.

Features will not be included in the Windows update May 10, 2019

With the Windows Insider Early Access Access program, Windows development is now much more than that. open as in the case of previous versions, which leads to experiments for the public that cannot be adopted in the final versions.

Plans for grouping data from the abandoned "Windows Sets" application

Sets, a Windows administration function that allows users to group application data, websites, and other tabbed information They appear to be abandoned in the update, according to Mary Jo Foley of ZDNet, who noted that significant engineering work from Edge and Office teams would be required to implement the function, which was not well received in public tests with Windows Insiders. Users who want a feature like Sets can use the Stardock "Groupy" application, which provides similar functionality.

Reactions to the release of the Windows update May 10, 2019

Following widespread problems with the release of Windows 10 18H2 Update (1809), Microsoft announced plans to offer staggered updates of existing Windows 10 devices for the May 2019 version, prioritizing devices "that probably have a good update experience and quickly put security measures on other devices while addressing known issues," according to ZDNet. Microsoft's Surface Book 2 could not receive the update, as a failure caused the dedicated NVIDIA GPU to disappear after the $ 1,700 model update of the 2-in-1 detachable top end.

The Windows 10 May La 2019 update represents three years, nine months and 22 days from the initial version of Windows 10. While three years is a good heuristic for when the versions of Windows are reliable, there was an interval of three years between the initial version of Windows XP and launch of Service Pack 2, for example.
The most recent version of Windows 10 is probably "as good as possible"
as it is so solid and drama-free of a version that a commercial product with hundreds of millions of users can experience, even if that version is still subject to some unresolved errors at launch.

See also

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Image: Matt Elliott / CNET

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