Windows 10: A cheat sheet

This complete guide covers the details that Windows 10 should know, including the features, system requirements, update options, and Windows strategy as a Microsoft service.

Windows Update October 10, 2018: 5 new features that business users will love
Windows 10 will receive a great update at its next release. These are some of the company-centered features that can be expected in the Windows 10 October 2018 update.

Like a Swiss army knife, Windows 10 was designed to do almost everything for everyone … or at least that's the hope of Microsoft. It is designed to provide a unified operating system that can run on multiple platforms, such as PCs, tablets and smartphones. It is also designed to provide PC users with a more traditional Windows experience compared to the Windows 8 touch user interface, something Microsoft hopes will win over many years of Windows users and many IT departments that skipped Windows 8 Finally, Windows 10 marks the beginning of The New Windows Strategy as a Microsoft Service, which could indicate the end of the numbered versions of Windows.

To help IT leaders quickly catch up on Windows 10, we collect the most important details and resources related to the latest Microsoft system operations in this guide, which we will update periodically as new information becomes available.

SEE: Windows 10 power tips: secret shortcuts to your favorite settings (TechRepublic Premium)

Windows update November 10, 2019 [19659009] The latest version of Windows 10–1909, or The November 2019 update was made "… available for the Windows Preider version preview ring on October 14, 2019," says ZDNet contributing writer Ed Bott. Version 1909 of Windows 10 is scheduled for release to the general public in November 2019.

The Windows update November 10, 2019 will be included as an optional update on the Windows 10 update screen, providing Users the opportunity to choose if they would and when they would. I like to install it. This marks a major change in the way Microsoft implements Windows 10 update packages in the future: a major update in the spring of each year and a smaller maintenance update in the fall of each year.

Many of the new features in Windows 10 The November 2019 update are behind-the-scenes improvements in overall performance and battery use efficiency. Various feature improvements for OEMs, application developers and business administrators are also included. With the release of Windows 10 Version 1909, users of voice-activated digital assistants will be able to chat with the associated devices from the Windows 10 lock screen.

Additional resources:

Windows update May 10 of 2019 [19659009] The latest version of Windows 10–1903, or the May 2019 update, was made "… available to the Windows Preider version preview ring on April 8, 2019", affirms the collaborating writer of ZDNet Ed Bott. ZDNet contributor Mary Jo Foley reported that on April 18, 2019, Windows 10 was made available on MSDN, as well as its Windows Server 1903 component. The Windows update May 10, 2019 was widely available to consumers on 21 May 2019.

Windows Update October 10, 2018

This version of Windows 10–1809, or the October 2018 update, is now available (if temporarily stalled). Like its predecessors, it is considered an evolution of the original version of Windows 10. With editions for home users, business professionals and companies, it offers a combination of features for each user, working on PCs and tablets.

In the last three years, Microsoft has slowly evolved the Windows user interface to take advantage of more natural ways of working with a computer. The mouse and keyboard are still there, but the screens are easier to play, with a powerful on-screen keyboard powered by the same underlying machine learning system as the familiar mobile SwiftKey. There is also support for eye tracking, for Microsoft's own Rotary Dial and for on-screen pencils.

Each new version adds new interaction models, since Microsoft takes advantage of its Windows model as a service to make small changes that over time add to a new Windows. The old numbered and named releases have disappeared, as have themed semiannual updates. Now Windows receives its name from the month of its launch, just like the Xbox gaming platform.

SEE: Windows as a service fails: Microsoft keeps customers in the dark (ZDNet)

1809 is the latest in the Redstone series of Windows 10 releases. Originally named in RS5 code, it they added new user interface elements in dark mode, as well as a broader implementation of Microsoft's new Fluent design style, both in the operating system and in Windows 10 integrated applications. Other new features include deeper integration with phones Android through the Your Phone application, improved screen capture tools, a clipboard hosted in the cloud, as well as changes in the search experience of the Start menu and the Cortana virtual assistant.

This version also features a business-friendly support model, with support for September / October releases extended to 30 months, with 18 month support for March / April releases. It is a change that will make it easier for companies and users who want to update Windows every one or two years, without having to go to the Long-term Services (LTS) version with limited functions. Other Enterprise updates include new login and security tools, and policies to ensure that they can be managed and implemented for all users.

Executive summary

  • What is Windows 10? Windows 10 is the latest major version of the Microsoft Windows operating system and is the successor to Windows 7 and Windows 8 / 8.1. Windows 10 includes support for tablets and IoT devices. It remains compatible with earlier versions of software written for most of the previous versions of Windows and DOS, and has added support for Linux applications and for Arm processors, as well as Intel and AMD x86 hardware.
  • Why does Windows 10 matter? Windows 10 contains a lot of new features, security updates and a unifying platform design aimed at both business users and consumers. Windows is still Microsoft's flagship product and is still the dominant operating system for PC. By switching to a semi-annual launch schedule, you can add new features and support the creation of new services in a familiar platform and user interface. Microsoft calls this delivery model "Windows as a service."
  • Who is affected by Windows 10? Windows 10 is available from the Microsoft Store and other retailers, and will be the default operating system for many newly purchased computers and electronic devices. Windows 10 is now installed on around 700 million devices, and all of them can install and use the 1809 update. With an accelerated delivery model, Microsoft aims to bring as many users as possible to the new version as quickly as possible.
  • When was Windows 10 released? Microsoft made Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Pro available in general on July 29, 2015 through a staggered release schedule. The editions of Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education were made available as of August 1, 2015. Microsoft released the Windows update April 10, 2018 on May 30, 2018 and began distributing it to customers in a phased manner . The Windows 10 October 2018 update began to be implemented in October 2018, but was delayed due to serious errors; As of December 2018, the launch returned to normal. The Windows 10 May 2019 update was generally available on May 21, 2019.
  • How can I get Windows 10? Windows 10 is available for purchase through the Microsoft Store and other retailers, with downloads from the Windows 10 website through the Microsoft media creation tool. This can install Windows 10 on PC directly or create bootable USB installation units. ISO files are also available for DVD installation. Upgrades to 1809 of earlier versions of Windows 10 will come through the built-in Windows update tool.

SEE: All TechRepublic cheat sheets and smart people guides

What is Windows 10?

Officially presented on September 30, 2014, Windows 10 is the current major version of Microsoft's Windows operating system and is the successor to Windows 7 and Windows 8.1. The latest version, 1903, or the May 2019 update, was made available on MSDN on April 18, 2019.

Developed under the codename "Threshold" with later versions from the "Redstone" branch, Microsoft's goal with Windows 10 is to provide a common operating system that can run on multiple platforms, including PCs, tablets, smartphones, integrated systems and even Xbox One, Surface Hub and HoloLens. Each platform has a device-specific user interface (UI), but shares the same core of Windows 10.

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Windows 10 includes several features new and important changes, in addition to its unifying platform design. Many new features are designed to enhance the desktop experience and attract commercial users who were disabled by the mosaic-based user interface of Windows 8 and the initial removal of the Start menu. Key features include:

  • Start menu: The Windows 10 start menu combines the list of applications similar to Windows 7 and the live mosaic interface of the Windows 8 start screen. Applications " Modern "Windows-8-style" (now called Universal Windows Platform or UWP applications) can run inside a window on the desktop, like standard desktop programs. There is also support for applications developed with Windows 10 Desktop Bridge, which allows Windows Win32 applications to take advantage of Windows 10 features, including Live Tiles. A new, wider application startup view in the October 2018 update gives you access to more application options and improves application search.
  • Activity Center: The Charms menu is replaced with the Activity Center, a sidebar that provides notifications and contains buttons for common tasks.
  • Tablet mode: A new tablet mode is designed to make Windows 10 easier to operate without a keyboard or mouse. Since the October 2018 update, the on-screen keyboard works with the same technology as Microsoft's Android and iOS SwiftKey.
  • Enhanced security: New security features include Windows Hello, an integrated biometric authentication system and the Windows Defender Guard application, which runs the Edge browser in its own isolated Hyper-V process.
  • Microsoft Edge: Formerly called Project Spartan, Edge is the default web browser in Windows 10. With the release of the Windows 10 Anniversary Update, the Edge browser now supports extensions, which greatly increases the browser flexibility Internet Explorer 11 is included with the operating system, but basically it has not changed since the version of IE11 found in Windows 7 and 8.1. Edge is also the Windows built-in PDF viewer and ePub e-book reader. The underlying EdgeHTML engine is a modern HTML 5 browser, with support for most modern web standards.
  • Cortana integration: Cortana, Microsoft's personal assistant, makes his desktop debut in Windows 10 and can be set to take over the search box. Now it also works with Amazon Alexa and a range of home automation hardware. The October 2018 update gives Cortana and Windows Search a new and broader search aspect with additional search options. However, some features, such as package tracking, are moving from Cortana to other Windows applications.
  • Xbox Live integration: Although not critical for many business users, Xbox Live is integrated into Windows 10. Users can stream games from an Xbox One to a desktop, laptop or tablet computer through Wi-Fi, play multiplayer games with people on different platforms and more. The built-in Game Bar mode allows full-screen recording, which works with desktop applications and games.
  • Enhanced graphics: Windows 10 includes new versions of DirectX and WDDM to improve game performance. Workstation applications can also use these functions to access the GPU hardware for additional computing performance.
  • On the login screen: The Windows 10 Anniversary Update (1607) allows users to access various applications, including Cortana and the Calendar application, without having to log in first.
  • 3D Paint application: The Windows 10 Creators Update (1703) added a new 3D Paint application, which allows users to more easily create and share 3D scenes and models.
  • Windows Timeline and shared experiences: With the April 2018 update (1803), Windows Timeline added cross-system support for shared activities, showing what Office documents you have worked on and what web pages you have visited. You can resume work through Cortana and collect web browsing sessions from another PC, and also send browser sessions from mobile devices to the desktop. A new Your Phone application in the October 2018 update brings recent photos and SMS messages from your Android phone to your desktop. It will also soon add application duplication for other Android applications.
  • Snip & Sketch: Microsoft has used the October 2018 update to deliver a new version of its screen capture tools. Use Shift + Win + S to start a new screen capture experience, with a pencil editing tool to edit and record your captures.
  • Adhesive notes: Originally part of the Windows Ink Workspace, Sticky Notes is now an application in its own right, with an important promised update that will integrate it with other note-taking and task management tools in Windows.
  • Cloud Clipboard: Windows now offers a clipboard history that works on all devices connected to the same Microsoft Account, using the same Microsoft Graph that feeds the timeline.
  • User interface improvements: Microsoft is moving away from the flat aspect of Windows 8 with a more natural fluid design language. This adds translucency and new animations, and is slowly being implemented in Windows and its various main applications. Closely related is a "dark mode" for Windows, with a new dark version of Windows Explorer.
  • Storage Sense: Microsoft has replaced the old Disk Cleanup utility with a new application, Storage Sense. This new to0l automatically removes old and cached temporary files from your storage devices to free up space for new files. Automated management of hard disk storage will increase the overall performance of a Windows 10 device without requiring interaction with users.
  • Windows Calendar: It has taken a long time, but with the October 2018 update, Microsoft has finally added a much-needed search function to the Windows Calendar application. Users can now type some keywords to find their appointments, even if Cortana added them to the calendar.
  • Windows Sandbox: The Windows 10 May 2019 update adds a new containerization feature to Pro and Enterprise versions that allow you to test executable applications by running them in a secure and isolated version of Windows 10. Through configuration , users can even prevent Sandbox from accessing networks and the Internet. When you close the Sandbox, the application and its remains will be removed.
  • Reserved storage: With the May 2019 update, Windows 10 will now have the ability to keep 7 GB of hard disk storage in reserve for use during system maintenance. Clean installations of Windows 10 after the May 2019 update will automatically activate this feature. Previously installed versions of Windows 10 updated to version 1903 will be required to manually activate the function.
  • Cortana Search Separation: The May 2019 update will separate Cortana and the standard search box on the taskbar. The interaction of the Cortana digital assistant now has its own icon, while the search box remains on the taskbar as before.
  • Improved start menu: The May 2019 update further refines the look of the Windows 10 start menu. The new and improved Start menu should have tiles installed less automatically and the design should seem much less crowded. .
  • Microsoft Edge based on Chromium: With the Windows update May 10, 2019, the Microsoft Edge web browser will be an open source Chromium based on applications. This opens the Edge browser to develop more third-party add-ons.
  • Linux file system: The May 2019 update adds support for Linux files directly in the Windows 10 File Explorer application.
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Image: Mark Kaelin

Windows 10 comes in four editions (versions): Windows 10 Home, Windows 10 Pro, Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education.

The official Microsoft system requirements for Windows 10 are: [19659034] Processor: 1 GHz or faster processor or SoC

  • RAM: 1 GB for 32-bit OS or 2 GB for 64-bit OS; 4GB recommended
  • Hard disk space: 16GB for 32 bits or 20GB for 64-bit OS
  • Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver
  • Display: 800×600
  • Additional resources:

    Why does Windows 10 matter?

    Windows 10 is Microsoft's effort to recover many business users who opposed the Windows 8 mobile interface and finally move the latest Windows XP and Vista holdouts into a newer operating system.

    Windows 10 is based on Windows 7 and Windows 8, combining a familiar user interface with mobile and tactile elements. As Windows XP and Vista are no longer compatible, and Windows 7 is near the end of its useful life, it is intended to be both an update of earlier versions of Windows and the operating system on new Windows PCs. With new security features and a built-in store, it also brings a new set of modern application development APIs in the form of a cross-platform UWP.

    Beyond the new features, security updates and its unifying platform design, Windows 10 marks a significant change in how Microsoft characterizes its flagship operating system. Microsoft is encouraging people to think of Windows 10 as a "service." The "Windows as a Service" delivery model allows Microsoft to regularly offer new features as part of a semi-annual delivery model.

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    April and will be released on May 18, April and May The September / October versions will be compatible for 30 months. Along with regularly updated versions, Microsoft also offers a long-term service branch for critical applications that require minimal updates, and will be compatible for 10 years.

    Windows 10 Home users only have access to the current branch of Windows, which is delivered through the Windows update service. There is no way to directly delay or disable Windows Home updates, as Microsoft intends for home users to have the safest version of Windows possible.

    Similarly, Windows 10 Pro allows access to the versions of Current Branch and Current Branch for Business. With the current Business Branch, you can delay important updates until they have been tested and approved. However, security updates will be installed automatically. Education users get the same options as Windows 10 Pro.

    Windows 10 Enterprise adds support for the long-term service branch, although with LTSB there is no access to the Windows Store, Cortana or Edge. Most of the other default Windows 10 applications are also not included, and are not compatible even if they are loaded sideways. New releases come every 2-3 years.

    SEE: Beyond the basic Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts: Smart things you can do with keyboard settings (TechRepublic)

    Microsoft has recently changed the names used for different channels of Windows 10, as part of the alignment of Windows 10 with Office 365 and Microsoft 365. The current Branch is now known as the semi-annual (targeted) Channel, the current Business Branch is the semi-annual Channel, while the long-term Branch of Service is now the long-term service channel.

    Internal channels provide early access to new features, but should only be used for testing machines or enthusiasts. Skip Ahead is for early access to the next major version of Windows, with slow and fast rings that give access to current development versions. A Launch Preview option provides early access to drivers and security updates, allowing IT departments to rate updates before increased availability. Microsoft actively suggests that IT departments maintain a selection of machines on different Insider rings to ensure that key applications are compatible and set development goals for new versions of the Windows SDK.

    Additional resources:

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    Users running an eligible version of Windows 7 (SP1) or Windows 8 / 8.1 having upgraded to Windows 10 Home or Windows 10 Pro for free until July 29, 2016. However, the time for the free update has passed and a copy of Windows 10 from the Microsoft Store costs $ 119.99.

    Users running Windows XP or Windows Vista should purchase a copy of Windows 10 from the Microsoft store or other retailer. There is no direct upgrade path from Windows XP or Windows Vista to Windows 10. On these machines, Windows 10 must be loaded as a "clean installation" and users must back up their data before installing the new operating system .

    Additional resources:

    When was Windows 10 launched?

    The general availability (GA) of Windows 10 began on July 29, 2015, with Microsoft adopting a staggered implementation schedule.

    Windows 10 Enterprise and the editions of Windows 10 Education were made available as of August 1, 2015 through the Microsoft Volume Licensing Center (none of the editions were included in the free program for the first year) .

    The Windows 10 anniversary update was released on August 2, 2016. The update included new and better security features with improvements to applications such as Windows Hello, Windows Defender and Windows Information Protection. The anniversary update also increased support for digital pens with the addition of Windows Ink, an integrated platform that can interpret the input beyond the traditional mouse and keyboard. Microsoft Edge gained support for extensions, including AdBlock, Translator and Office Online. The extensions allow developers to create applications within Edge and greatly improve the overall capabilities of the browser.

    SEE: TechRepublic & # 39; s Windows 10 Flipboard magazine

    The Windows 10 Creators update was released on April 11, 2017 and included a new 3D Paint application, new security features, changes in the way Microsoft updates Windows 10 and laid the foundation for new hardware and content based on augmented and virtual reality.

    The Windows 10 Fall Creators update was released on October 17, 2017, and its new features include built-in ransomware protection, bandwidth controls and more. Find out if your machine will run the update and why IT administrators should prepare for the inevitable technical and hypo issues.

    The Windows 10 April 2018 update, released on May 8, 2018, added Timeline as a way to share documents and web history between machines, allowing you to resume work where you left off.

    Windows update October 10, 2018 began to be implemented in October 2018, as scheduled; however, there were several serious errors associated with the launch at that early stage, and the launch was delayed approximately one month. As of December 2018, the launch reopened and, despite some additional minor errors, should be installed on all Windows 10 devices in early 2019.

    Ed Bott, a ZDNet contributor, writes: "Microsoft created Windows 10 version 1903 (also known as the Windows 10 May 2019 update) available for the Windows Preider Program launch preview ring on April 8, 2019. " The Windows 10 May 2019 update, as well as its Windows Server 1903 component, was released on April 18, 2019 on MSDN. The official launch is still expected at the end of May 2019.

    Additional resources:

    How do I get Windows 10?

    During the first year of general availability, Windows 10 Home and Pro was free if you were running an original copy of an eligible version of Windows 7 (SP1) and Windows 8 / 8.1. On eligible machines, an icon for the Get Windows 10 application appeared on the taskbar and allowed users to "reserve" a free copy of the operating system.

    As of July 29, 2016, the free update is no longer an option. Users can buy Windows 10 from the Microsoft Store for the retail price of $ 119.99. Frugal buyers can find Windows 10 available at a lower price.

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    Editor's Note: This article was first published in July 2015. The last update was in May 2019.

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