Customers in the UAE will be able to experience speeds of 10 Gbps or more and will be able to download larger files in milliseconds by 2020 through fifth generation cellular technology [5G].
Telecom operators in the UAE offer speeds of 1 Gbps now with non-autonomous network infrastructure (NSA).
Operators around the world are transmitting 5G over the existing 4G infrastructure, since the final frequency for 5G is not yet fixed. NSA means transmitting 5G over existing 4G infrastructure, while standalone (SA) means transmitting 5G over dedicated spectrum and infrastructure.
"Our next milestone for next year will be the speed of 10Gbps with the roll out of the millimeter wave [26GHz-84Ghz] and achieve one millisecond, but it is not possible with the current C band [3.4GHz-3.8GHz]," said Saleem Al Blooshi, Director of Infrastructure of EITC, parent company of telecommunications operator du, exclusively for TechRadar Middle East.
The industry focuses on speed  The spectrum for narrowband IoT [700MHz, 800MHz and 900MHz] is set in 5G space, while 2,600MHz and C band are set for the mobile network in the UAE.
In addition, Al Blooshi said the industry is focused on speed instead of latency.
"The current standard for 5G is NSA and focuses only on speed. The standard and complete equipment for SA with IoT capabilities is expected by the end of 2020 or the beginning of 2021, "he said.
For NSA, du uses the existing 4G infrastructure and adds 5G components, such as radio networks and antennas.
"If my 4G is a Huawei or any other company, the hardware must be the same company." Huawei and Nokia are supplying the necessary NSA 5G infrastructure, but we have not finalized the network providers for SA, "he said. 19659002] "The Du network is ready for millimeter wave display, but standard international organizations have not finalized the allocation of the final spectrum for SA," said Al Blooshi.
The latency currently offered at 5G is equal to 4G
Because the network is NSA, Al Blooshi said that the latency currently offered at 5G is equal to 4G of 15-25 milliseconds.
"5G depends on 4G for signaling and uplink. The Du network offers a speed of 1.25Gbps in 5G. Today we are building the ecosystem and will grow depending on the demand. At this time, there is no killer application that requires a performance of 1Ghz or higher. The acceleration of deployment depends on the availability of the ecosystem: telephones, networks and applications, "he said.
Al Blooshi trusts and hopes that the adoption of 5G will gain ground after 2021.
To watch an HD on YouTube or Netflix , a customer needs only 20 Mbps of speed, the 5G advantage for customers at this moment is the download speed and they can download a large file in minutes.
"We are in the same case as with 4G. When 4G was upgraded to 250Mbps, there was a debate about which applications need that high performance, but the pipeline was filled with the demand of customers and entrepreneurs with incredible applications. YouTube and Netflix created HD content and other applications increased the demand for 4G.
"During the events, customers were interested in uploads instead of downloads and we used to change network resources more to load than to download. At this time, 4G can offer a speed of 1Gbps, but the advantage of offering 1Gbps in 5G is less expensive, "he said.
Du to cover 15% of the UAE this year
In 4G, Al Blooshi said that du aggregation needs of three carriers and massive implementation of MIMO [multiple-input and multiple-output] to obtain 1GHz, but in 5G, the operator can get 1GHz with a carrier aggregation.
Du is expected to have 700 base stations NSA 5G and cover the 15% of the UAE through the network this year with an investment of AED 1.5b and the plans for 2020 will be decided in September.
The Dubai Future Foundation has become the first 5G government entity in the region to adopt the Indoor coverage 5G du.
"5G will bring more value to home users, especially in the space of the smart home. ZTE routers for 5G are already available in the market. "There will be no plans or special packages for 5G customers now and it will depend on the use cases," he said.