The World Wide Web turns 30: our favorite memories from A to Z

On this day, 30 years ago, Tim Berners-Lee presented a proposal with the somber title "Information Management" to his superior at the European physics laboratory CERN.

He began by asking how future scientists would track their progressively larger projects. "This proposal provides an answer to such questions," he wrote.

The proposal described what, in just a couple of years, would be transformed into the World Wide Web: a connected system to share information that would revolutionize the way in which everyone

At that time, computer networks connected had been running, functioning and growing for a couple of decades. People sent emails, shared files, posted message boards and even created the first emoticons.

But it was not until the World Wide Web appeared that the Internet in general began to take off. Web browsers, web pages and hyperlinks made the information easy to find and move, and since the central code was open source, anyone could create a browser or website of their own.

In the last 30 years, the main parts of the web have come and gone. They made us laugh and shrink, they allowed us to waste our time and find friends, and reconfigured the world in the process.

For your anniversary, we are looking back on some of our favorite websites, from A to Z, as well as some key people and technologies. Of course, there were too many good things to include, so we had to write down some additional favorites along the way.


the world wide web turns 30 our favorite memories from a to z

The web quickly became an important place to buy, and nothing encompassed that better than Amazon. What began as an online bookstore expanded rapidly and soon consumed many of the brick and mortar brands we knew and loved. These days, using Amazon is something inevitable: it is a voice assistant, it is the cloud that drives many of the sites you use, it is a chain of gourmet supermarkets and it is the site you use to buy almost anything. Ironically, he also learned from old rivals and opened many physical stores.

Other favorites: Angelfire, America Online installation discs



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From cat GIFs to personality questionnaires to "The Dress", BuzzFeed was one of the defining voices of the first media digital, and it was good at what it was proposed: to create viral content. His irreverent voice sparked a wave of imitation sites, enough to create a complete online media industry for millennials who are asking to parody. Indeed, it was. The Onion launched its satire website ClickHole a perfect bizarre version of clickbait site tones, and in BoJack Horseman Diane works on BuzzFeed -like a website called "Girl Croosh."

Other favorites: Badgers, Blogger



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Cascading style sheets made it easier to make beautiful, usable web pages by separating how a page looks like a page was put together in HTML. More importantly, CSS made it easier to learn how to make beautiful and usable websites: you can use a browser to inspect the code of a site and start playing with the whole page, changing everything with just a small adjustment. (Ask Microsoft to provide early CSS support, then shout to Microsoft for ruining the life of web encoders everywhere with their weird box model and other corrupted CSS implementations). Having to code specific browsers is still one thing, but at least it's not as bad as it once was. Continue and change a font on your favorite web page today, just because you can.

Other favorites: Craigslist, cat videos



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Computers created the World Wide Web, and the World Wide Web created Twitter, which so graciously provided us with the wonders of Weird Twitter. Dril, who was the father of classics like, "I'm not my property, I'm not my property!", I keep insisting as I slowly contract and turn into an ear of corn "has played an important role in the definition of What it means to be online Last year, they published their best tweets through a seminal book of the same name, and like Denil, we will all continue to ignore the advice of our loved ones and refuse to log out. 19659015] Other favorites: Digg, DeviantArt



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Sitting somewhere between the professional Amazon showcase and the free full Craigslist service, eBay has established itself as the place to go Buying practically anything second hand online Few online markets are as likely to sell you auto parts as they are second-hand clothes, and yet, somehow, eBay finds a place to sell them. all of them, and there are enough users (and now companies) that you really have. You have a good chance of finding the dark object you need. These days, eBay's dated interface often cries under the weight of serving everyone, but its catalog is as rare and wonderful as it ever was.

Other favorites: eBaum & # 39; s World, Etsy



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Era 2004: we had digital cameras and proto-social media sites like Myspace and Friendster, but there was no real way to share photos. Then Flickr came and changed everything. It was an incredible feeling to carry a lot of photos of a backpacking trip, share them with friends and then relive the experience of waking up in tents in the shadow of a glacier with the click of a button. You can do it through the attractive and clean interface of Flickr and without all the clutter and noise that was typical of Aughts websites. Flickr was a digital gallery, an online photography museum for professionals and amateurs alike. It seems that it is shrinking these days, but it will always have a great influence.

Other favorites: Fark, Flash games



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Close your eyes and imagine the GeoCities page of your dreams. Maybe you have a bright clip art or a mosaic background because you could not find an image big enough to fill the screen without it being all elastic and weird. However, while you are deciding, you might include a GIF from a construction worker with a helmet and a "under construction" sign so that visitors know you have something good to come. Do not forget to join a webring when you're finished.

Other favorites: Google Reader, GIF



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The web did not invent electronic mail, which was prior to at least 20 years. However, webmail made the email easy to use and widely accessible. Hotmail was launched in 1996 as one of the first webmail sites that anyone can register to use as an alternative to the offer of their ISP. The early network was so geeky that the founders of Hotmail, Sabeer Bhatia and Jack Smith, chose the name because it included a reference to HTML ("HoTMaiL"). The use of Hotmail exploded after it was bought by Microsoft in 1997.

Other favorites: HTML, hashtags



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It would take more than one life to consume a considerable fraction of the 20 million books in the Internet Archive, 4.9 Millions of movies, 5.1 million audio recordings and 410,000 pieces of software, including a large number of classic games, all of which are available for free. But all of them pale in comparison to the most important thing that archives the Internet Archive: the Internet itself. There is no better place to see what the web was like (and expose the forgotten things for a long time) than the 349 billion web pages stored in the Internet Archive Wayback Machine. (You can thank for most of the screenshots that are on this page).

Other favorites: Image macros



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Jennifer Ringley began to transmit every moment that passed in her university residence, through grainy photos uploaded every 15 minutes, in 1996. She was one of the first people to share your life online without a filter, offering a sense of intimacy and relativity that we now take for granted with digital celebrities. He was also one of the first people to discover the pitfalls of Internet fame, including exhaustion after living years of his life in public, which is why he stayed offline almost since 2003 when Jennicam went dark.

Other favorites: JSTOR, Java on the Brain



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Internet is an endless extension of extremely good memes, constantly mutating, remixing and changing. Know your chronicles and make an order from that chaos.

Other favorites: kottke.org



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There was once (around the turn of the 21st century) a social network called LiveJournal where a large number of people (some with very confused pseudonyms) came together, wrote in blogs, they discussed in long chains of commentaries, they published fiction, poetry and art, and they had a good time in general. In 2007, LiveJournal was sold to a Russian media company, and many of its original collaborators finally adapted to Facebook, Twitter and other foreign climates. LiveJournal is still, well, alive; its servers (and its user agreement) are now Russian and so are many of its users.

Other favorites: Last.fm, The Liquid Swords tweet



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The accessibility of the web was born a rebirth of fan fiction, which inevitably generated many anguished and self-indulgent fantasies of teenagers and , in turn, deliberately terrible parodies of those fantasies. The fascinating thing about My Immortal is that nobody is sure what it was. A teenage girl named Tara Gilesbie wrote a story about Harry Potter fans full of bad-skinning about a gothic vampire shopping center called "Ebony Darkness Dementia Raven Way?" Was Tara a fictional creation? Or was My Immortal a serious project that descended to the trolling? A supposed "real" author appeared in 2017 with a memory, but the editor discovered that she had invented a large part of the story, only adding more layers to the mystery.

Other favorites: MapQuest, Movable Type



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Destroying the threat that Blockbuster's late payment would have been legendary enough, but Netflix also managed to quickly transform from a DVD rental service to a full service digital broadcast that completely redefined how and where we watch movies and television. Netflix is ​​now enmeshed in popular culture. The phrase "Netflix and chill" has become a meme, and now it is a safe bet that you can strike up a conversation with an acquaintance about the latest original programs to run in the service. In 2019, streaming services are up and running, and Netflix is ​​at the top.

Other favorites: Newgrounds, Neopets



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As online dating progressed into the mainstream, OkCupid provided us with an endless stream of nonsense (and very important) contests. Since then, site compatibility measures have fallen out of style in favor of simple glide, but there was always something about OkCupid's quirky approach that made the site and its users feel like they were joking about the inherent discomfort of knowing A stranger.

Other favorites: Oh Joy Sex Toy The Onion



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How would society have evolved without Pornhub? We would probably be diving through garbage bins looking for pornographic magazines discarded as hot pizza rats, desperate to hide our booty against the glare of the spectators. Yes, there are cultural disadvantages that so much pornography is freely available. But Pornhub has also encouraged people to let their monstrous flags fly. This, and similar sites, have helped many find kinship around their extravagant fetishes since the site was launched in 2007 with a "Niches" section. What started as a place to see dirty photos is now one of the most visited sites on the web.

Other favorites: PostSecret, The Pirate Bay



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The facts are these: QWOP is a game; It was created by the moral philosopher, game designer and former Cut Copy bassist Bennett Foddy 11 years ago; and it is diabolically difficult. The game is not about winning or losing. It is more a meditation on the reward, the punishment and how much you are willing to endure. QWOP may not have been the most fun Flash game, but it was one of the few that allowed you to feel something beyond the combination of a button.

Other favorites: Quora, tests



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Digg came first, but it was Reddit that managed to create a user-curated news site around vibrant communities interested in everything from cat images to financial tips and beauty products. The "homepage of the Internet", which describes itself, is also the place where people will relax, discover curiosities and find similar minds. That has been problematic at times, and Reddit is still dealing with the repercussions, but the site has become a fixed element, and there is nothing like it.

Other favorites: RSS, Rickroll



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The beauty of Strong The bad thing is that you do not need to know anything. The humor is self-explanatory: a cartoon anti-hero in a Wrestling mask responds sardonically to his fan mail in the lowest text interface imaginable. But in the early 2000s, it was anything but low technology. The animated Flash cartoons jumped off the screen in a way that very few things on the web could do. The Strong Bad Email series was popular at a time when the web was small enough to generate memes of its own, including "Trogdor the Burninator", an instant death metal classic that finally made its way into Guitar Hero II .

Other favorites: StumbleUpon, spacejam.com



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When Tim Berners-Lee came up with what he thought would be a global system for the exchange of data and information between research institutions three decades ago, it was not A) Yes. t called the World Wide Web; It was just "Mesh." The WWW project was ambitious and exciting from the beginning, yes, but even its inventor could hardly have imagined the subsequent explosion of the use of the web for private and commercial purposes.

Tim Berners-Lee continues to play a role in the direction of web development through the World Wide Web Consortium, which establishes universal standards such as HTML5, and the World Wide Web Foundation, which advocates an open and free website. As a supporter of net neutrality, you can see Berners-Lee taking advantage of his celebrity to pressure governments and international organizations to preserve the original collaborative spirit of the web.

Other favorites: Tumblr, Trojan Room Coffee Pot



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The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the unattractive code string on which this entire web building is built. One thing does not exist on the web without a chain of address to identify your location. Like most things related to the web, the URL was never designed for the eventual ubiquity it achieved. Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee has admitted that there was no technical need for the double bar at the beginning of each URL, and he would get rid of it if he could go back in time.

Other favorites: Urban Dictionary



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vBulletin was not the first or only software that ran web forums, but it was one of the favorites. Even in the Facebook era, forums remain an essential stratum of the web. They are places where communities of specific topics come together to talk, discuss and (unfortunately) plot. vBulletin made it easier to create, manage and moderate those communities. A malicious configuration called "Tachy Goes to Coventry" places a user on a global ignore list without alerting them that nobody was watching what they were writing. It is an effective moderation technique because sometimes it was easier to let someone scream in a vacuum than to tell him to shut up.

Other favorites: Vine, vlogs



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You could call Wikipedia "the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit", but that is underestimating its impact. Wikipedia is a living reflection of modern culture. Since its launch in 2001, it has gone from shorthand to "do not trust the Internet" (children, do not cite Wikipedia on your task!) To a truth arbiter (children, consult Wikipedia before deciding that the moon landing) It was a deception.). Its hypertext structure fosters intellectual curiosity, perhaps a little too much, actually. (We would link to the Wikipedia page, but you have three more entries to read and we do not want you to spend the next hour clicking on the links).

Other favorites: WordPress, Web 2.0



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XKCD has only existed since 2006, but it's hard to imagine that there will ever be an Internet without it. He describes himself as "a web comic of romance, sarcasm, mathematics and language", which covers a wide range of topics and lends itself to the classic adage of "there is an XKCD relevant to everything". let's project ourselves in the comics, be it individual panels or gigantic companies that take it through an adventure of clicking and dragging.

Other favorites: Xanga, XML



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Search engines built the web, and Yahoo was one of the first, biggest and longest to survive. Yahoo became the home page of the web for many, transmitting news, markets, sports and more, and placing a link to your Yahoo mailbox on the same page. The Yahoo home page is still one of the most visited sites on the web, although its influence has diminished. The company was acquired by Verizon two years ago, and is famous for letting Flickr go to waste. (You could also have done better by Tumblr.)

Other Favorites: YTMND, YouTube



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