Google confirms ‘quantum supremacy’ breakthrough

Google has officially announced that it has achieved quantum supremacy in a new article published in the scientific journal Nature . The ad comes exactly one month after it was initially leaked, when the Google article was accidentally published early. Now, however, it is official, which means that all the details of the research are public, and the wider scientific community can fully analyze what Google says it has achieved.

Google says that its 54 qubit Sycamore processor was able to perform a calculation in 200 seconds that would have led to the world's most powerful supercomputer 10,000 years. That would mean that the calculation, which involved random numbers generated, is essentially impossible in a traditional non-quantum computer.

As expected, IBM, the company that operates the supercomputer that Google claims to have defeated, and a key competitor to the quantum computer. , is disputing the claims of Google. In a blog post published preventively on Monday, the company said the same task could be done in a classic system in just 2.5 days, instead of the 10,000 years that Google claims. IBM says that Google "did not fully consider abundant disk storage" when estimating how long it would take for its traditional supercomputer to perform the calculation.

Despite IBM's attempts to minimize Google's achievement, many in the research community welcomed the news, with scientists cited by The New York Times comparing Google's progress with Wright brothers' first plane flight in 1903. We can still be years away from having quantum computers that are useful for practical tasks, but Google’s findings could finally have provided proof that such a future is possible in the first place.

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