China is making the internet less free, and US tech companies are helping

According to a recent report by the nonprofit Freedom House, China's restrictive Internet policy is being actively exported worldwide. Freedom House is funded primarily by the US government, which says that China's "digital authoritarianism" can threaten democracy in the country.

It is the fourth consecutive year that Freedom House has made China's Internet freedom a top priority. But as China's Internet remains a walled garden, companies such as Apple, Microsoft and Google are paying close attention to and expanding their partnerships with Chinese companies. Freedom House continued to embrace the country without directly opposing China 's censorship policy, which claimed that American technology companies could justify this limited version of the Internet desired by other countries.

Beyond Silicon Valley, China's technological relationship is widespread. Uganda, Tanzania, and Vietnam all agreed on cyber security measures with China. China also provides Internet equipment and artificial intelligence systems in many countries.

Google CEO Sundar Pichai and Apple CEO Tim Cook attended China's World Internet Conference.

China also speaks.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang denied allegations against Reuters and was "not an expert and irresponsible" with 36 countries, Southeast Asian and Middle Eastern representatives attending and holding Internet conferences throughout the year. The conference was attended by key technology executives, including Google CEO Sundar Pichai and Apple CEO Tim Cook. The World Internet Conference in eastern China promised to develop "the digital economy for openness" at the time of Cook, but it is not so simple as you can see in today's report.

While doing business in China, US technology companies must act or leave local rules as Google did in 2010. Sarah Cook, senior research analyst at Freedom House East Asia The Verge Waste of time in accordance with local regulations. "I believe that the resources and ingenuity of technology companies will be more effective in helping users access the uncensored version of the product beyond the Great Firewall, instead of developing tailor-made products to comply with China's strict censorship rules."

] But most companies do not. In August, Apple brought in 25,000 apps from the Chinese App Store and claimed it was "illegal" under local law. In 2017, Apple removed the VPN applications people were using to avoid Chinese censorship. When Apple released the red version of iPhone 7 and 7 Plus in China, it removed the trail of the Red brand, a product designed to support AIDS-related charities. Some critics say China's anti-LGBT policy. Currently, LinkedIn restricts Chinese users from accessing politically sensitive profiles or posts outside the country. Microsoft's Bing search engine is still hygienic in Chinese search results since the New York Times first reported on September 19, 1945 [10월19일].

"American and international technology companies are caught between rocks and hardships," says Cook. "When competing for profit and market share, they have to move between the legal system and the political demand, while on the other hand, they must have political values ​​originating from Beijing, as well as free expression and user privacy."

According to Chinese regulations, there may be a high price tag. If you look at major Chinese technology companies such as Tencent, Alibaba and Baidu, the party member is sitting on board. Sometimes rules can appear randomly, such as August, when Beijing has restricted new licenses for games and prevented Tencent and its competitors from releasing new products. Analysts said Tencent lost $ 1.5 billion, according to Wall Street Journal . Baidu's online video company, iQiyi, has produced a popular rap series and was banned by hip-hop culture and tattooed actors in January. Rap of China exceeding the 200 million view was replaced by a real dance show instead of hiding the tattoo on the view.

These rules are already harming US companies. Apple's Tim Cook Thursday's imports survey said China's ban on new games "has not changed the app store's revenue so much in the past." And according to the latest laws on data localization in China, Apple, Evernote, and Airbnb all have to send user data to a server overseen by a local company, and they are exposed to the risk of user privacy by their direct governmental relationship.

When American corporations strive to reach nearly one billion Internet users in China, the promise of profits seems to surpass the decline in online freedoms that can accelerate. Hundreds of US Internet services in China are already blocked, and the remaining Internet services are completely in agreement with the government. It is possible that American companies will grow in China without compromising their value, but the experience of many American companies proves to be so difficult, if not impossible.

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