British Columbia yesterday passed an emissions law aimed at curbing the production and sale of cars that burn fuel in the Canadian province, which marks the most aggressive legislation in North America to date, according to the CBC
. The law mandates that 10 percent of all vehicles sold by 2025 be zero emissions, while the sale of cars and trucks that burn fuel will be completely prohibited by 2040. Zero emissions vehicles include electric battery, plug-in hybrids and fuel of hydrogen. Cell models
The law, called the Zero Emissions Vehicle Law (ZEVA), is not without criticism. The CBC says that the opposition to ZEVA focuses mainly on the potential ineffectiveness of the law, with criticisms directed at the fact that BC residents can simply buy a vehicle in the neighboring province of Alberta.
ZEVA also has a credit system for car manufacturers that do not want or can not produce the necessary zero emission vehicles, which allows car manufacturers to pay a little extra money to save on the cost of developing really the necessary ecological models. There are also provisions in the law that establish that it can be adjusted depending on the overall production of vehicles with zero emissions in the next 20 years, in anticipation of an eventual ban of 2040 that, in the end, may be too aggressive.
In any case, ZEVA is a milestone for North America, which is far behind Europe in legislation relative to cars that burn fuel. Many European countries already have laws that regulate the sale of gasoline vehicles and that establish incentives to increase the number of electric vehicles and zero emissions.
In Norway, the main electricity market in Europe ahead of Germany, one in three cars purchased is an electric vehicle. The country is even installing the world's first electric taxi charging system to help it achieve a zero-emission country cabin fleet by 2023. Meanwhile, many other countries have set targets to ban traditional cars and trucks, with Norway pointing to 2025 and France. and the United Kingdom for 2040 and 2050, respectively. (Of course, the legislation to really impose bans is far behind). The mayor of the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen, came to the point of proposing a ban on diesel cars in the city last year that would come into force at the end of 2019; Since then, Copenhagen has moderated its proposal to aim for zero net carbon emissions and carbon neutrality by 2025.
However, in the USA. UU. Citizens bought more than 17 million new cars last year, of which only 1.2 percent are electric, according to the International Energy Agency. A number of cities, mainly in California, have pondered the prohibitions of gas cars to try to move the needle in electric car sales and reduce emissions. And just last week, a bill was proposed, called the Zero Emissions Vehicle Law, in the US House of Representatives. UU That seeks to prohibit the sale of gas passenger cars in the US. UU By the year 2040. Follow a similar bill from the mayor of Los Angeles. Eric Garcetti introduced in April that seeks to ban the sale and use of gasoline cars in the city by 2050.
But right now, BC, where six percent of all new cars sold are zero vehicles emissions, it is the only area in North America to really pass the tough legislation. That is a victory for Canada, but it is not clear that it means much to other parts of the continent.